This is 'Soundgas-in-a-rack.' Entirely hand-built, transformer balanced twin channel germanium preamp based on the Grampian Type 636.
Preorders now open for the third run of ten hand-built units. Build is underway – shipping will be early January 2023.
Entirely hand built evolution of our Grampian 636 circuit. A two channel Type 636 mic preamp with Carnhill transformer balanced outputs for greater versatility and extended sonic palette.
The Soundgas Type 636P2 is the latest incarnation of the Soundgas Type 636 and desktop Type 636P which both feature our evolution of same hairy mic preamp circuit as the original Grampian Type 636. However this is far more than two 636Ps in a rack: the addition of the Carnhill transformer balanced output option massively increases versatility and offers a wider sonic palette. From subtle sweetening and widening of audio signals passing through with very little gain applied through to maximum filth and gnarl via the original unbalanced input/outputs. The 636P2 brings the 636 preamp into contention for more subtle bus/mix sweetening as well as wilder germanium fuzz and drive.
We are hand building a few limited runs to this specification. This is the third batch of ten – build is underway, shipping January 2023.
How does it sound? At higher gain settings the transformers smooth out some of the wildness of the 636 to deliver a classy – yet still harmonically rich – sound. We have been blown away by how different these sound with the balanced outputs, and by how much we want to use it on everything. And if you want the full original 636 preamp magic, untamed by those beautiful red transformers? Simple – just plug into the 1/4″ jack ‘punch out’ socket – this bypasses the transformer circuit and gives you that hairy (out of phase) direct output as found on the 636 and 636P.
What is it? Based on the Grampian Type 636 – famously used and abused by Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry and Pete Townshend – and many others since. This circuit is designed and built absolutely in the spirit of the original vintage units – no surface mount components or tone sapping DSP. Everything entirely handbuilt from scratch in our workshops in Crich, England. Even the circuitboards are hand etched. In an era of mass production, these builds are a throwback to a bygone era when small manufacturers made everything themselves.
This is a labour of love and represents the culmination of our collective experience of – and love for – the 636 circuit. It is not the modern way: the expense of working like this means these particular units are not for everyone, but this does mean we are able to control every aspect of the process and build something of which we are all justifiably very proud. The time and outlay just to source and test NOS transistors that perform to our specification is slightly terrifying: the vast majority of OC45s we have found do not meet our criteria.
Can I hear it? Yes, there are various demos below featuring a variety of sources. Scroll down to see the demos.
What’s inside? Two boards from the Type 636P inside a 1U rack case with added Carnhill transformer balanced outputs. The two sides are independent circuits using a common power supply (on a standard IEC socket, internally switchable voltage). Each channel has a 1/4″ jack input, input level control pot (gain), Grampian specification mic transformer, overload lamp and input impedance switch (select between guitar/line use, or adjust to taste).
Staying true to the original Grampian 636 design, the mic preamp ‘punch out’ output is unbalanced on a ¼” jack socket and is out of phase – plugging into this output will disable the XLR outputs on the rear.
As with our original 636s, we have put tonal considerations ahead of all else. I was originally skeptical that we’d see a real benefit in using germanium transistors in the buffer section: all our original prototypes had used silicon and sounded great. However Ben and Dr Huw insisted that we build an all germanium version for comparison which blew all the earlier versions out of the water; this became the 636P which has now evolved into the 636P2.
HISTORY OF THE SOUNDGAS TYPE 636 PROJECT BY TONY:
I’ve been using Grampian 636s for getting on for 30 years having ‘discovered’ one entirely by chance back when they languished unappreciated and unrecognised (it cost me around £70 and needed a fair bit of work – even then it was very noisy and more than a little unreliable). I knew nothing at the time of their history and use by Pete Townshend and Lee Scratch Perry, nor what it was that made these unprepossessing grey boxes so very special. They reacted to liberal overload abuse with such unbridled (and unequalled) ferocity that I was immediately hooked and thus began my infatuation with the Grampian Type 636. I now know, thanks to Huw, that this germanium transistor based circuit is of a slightly odd design (which explains why so few people seem able to figure out how to fix them well).
To say I am proud and humbled by our team’s endeavours over the past three tumultuous years is an understatement. It all began when “Doctor” Huw rebuilt a Grampian Type 636 for our much-missed friend Philippe Zdar for his Motorbass studio. That unit had been stored on its side for 20-30 years with the battery at the top and was almost completely destroyed by acid leakage. I mentioned that as he’d almost built a new one in the process might that in fact be possible?
We’d never manufactured anything (Huw had custom built guitar pedals and synth modules). The new design had to be as authentic as possible but with lower noise and more low end: Huw triumphed and we cautiously set out to make ten replica Type 636s using refurbished vintage Gibbs tanks.
As soon as Huw had designed the 636, we discussed whether the mic preamp alone could be built in a standalone unit, and one appeared pretty quickly on my bench soon after (built into an old Binson Echorec faceplate we had lying around). Covid-19 played havoc with our plans and with Huw’s health, and what would eventually become the 636P had to wait.
In the meantime we continued building small batches of Type 636s to satisfy demand and keep our newly-employed studio engineer Ben busy during lockdowns. There are now around 80 Soundgas Type 636s in existence and while we’ve no plans to make more using vintage tanks, we do have a new 636 reverb project in mind.
The 636P prototypes duly came along – the P designation in honour of Ben’s Dad, Pete Hirst, who sadly passed away while the 636P was in development. In classic Soundgas style, what was intended as a prototype became the production version – the no-nonsense, minimal, aesthetic seemed fitting for our monstrous sonic wolf in sheep’s clothing. Plaudits started coming – ‘the only drive/fuzz I need’ and ‘this is the sound I’ve been searching for my whole life, thank you’ are two that have stuck in my head. Again, what started as a low key project has ballooned and we continue to handbuild small batches of Type 636Ps in our workshops.
At present, all 636 units are entirely built by our team here in Crich, England in the grand tradition of old school British audio manufacturing: made by hand by talented people who obsess over – and focus on – sonic detail above all else. My thanks and appreciation go out to our dedicated tech team who have created – or helped in the creation of – these units: Huw, Max, Ben, Oli, Will, and Ryan.
SOME ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS ON USAGE FROM BEN (since joining us Ben has lived and breathed this circuit and is the engineer responsible for deliveringproduction and sonic quality of the 636 project)
The units were originally intended as mic pres: using a SM 58 through them never sounded so fat. Alternatively using a Grampian Ribbon mic provides creamy delicious sonics, or the Grampian DP4 mics ensure a frazzle that is compelling. We have used the unit to mic up snares with a ribbon mic piped through the rear balanced, in phase output and then a DP4 for the snare bottom through the unbalanced out of phase “Break Out” output. (other mics are available)
The 636P2 is also a great tool for reamping, enriching or toughening up stems with that wonderful Germanium texture. If you tickle the input and find that sweet spot of gain stems will sound super rich with analogue warmth. Alternatively if you so desire absolutely annihilating your sonics with that lush harmonic distortion that Germanium delivers then drive the input and the gain til your heart’s content.
Whilst the units are intended to be dual mono there is a definite pleasure in using them as stereo units with similar gain and frequency response. Though due to the nature of the Germanium crystal and its atmospheric reaction there will be subtle variations in gain and frequency responses.eIf you use the 636P2 as an instrument DI it is absolutely crackers on drum machines and synths, from clear solid analogue warmth to absolute frazzled distorted crunch and fuzz.
As Pete Townshend discovered back in the sixties, you can plug in your electric guitar and crank the gain to max and achieve the most compelling distortion fuzz you’ve ever heard.
To anyone reading this who has seen much cheaper versions for sale claiming they feature the Grampian ‘preamp circuit taken note for note’ we can categorically confirm that, while these units may be interesting in their own right, the circuit is certainly not an accurate recreation of the Type 636, nor do they sound at all close to either an original Grampian, or the Soundgas units. You do get what you pay for. The mic transformer (one element of our design process that took a considerable amount of R&D to perfect) is not the correct value, and the circuit design means the Russian germanium transistors utilised in this design are not actually being driven in any meaningful way. The overdrive/distortion these units produce is not the harmonically rich germanium distortion that is the signature sound of a Grampian Type 636. We have already spent a good deal of time researching whether we could build a modern unit at a much lower price point by redesigning the original circuitry but so far sonically it simply does not stack up.
And if you have seen a certain guitar pedal that claims to recreate the sound of the Grampian Type 636 aux circuit as used by Pete Townshend of The Who, we can confirm that what this digital processor actually does is create a slightly boosted signal with none of the harmonic richness of the mic preamp circuitry (which is what Pete actually used)…
Brand new item. See notes above on how the prototypes will differ from the unit pictured.
For sales in UK the price will include 20% VAT. Buyers elsewhere may incur VAT or other local taxes on import.
Will be set up for either 120 or 240v operation before shipping.
Please note: some demos at the end feature various prototypes including the original Type 636P. Those are the sound of the 636P preamp, but without the Carnhills 🙂
Early version without Carnhills!
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“If not a new language, then at least a very challenging, old dialect that will take me some time to assimilate. I’ve been waiting a long time for the challenge. Thank you @soundgasltd, she’s a beaut...and nobody prepares and packs like you fine folks.”
Fantastic. From initial contact to the product landing at my door the service provided was outstanding. Safe and secure shipping, quality serviced product.
Just wanted to say thank you so much for your pinch roller and echo tape. I've had a space echo for years, been sent to a shop in NYC and it never worked quite right. After installing the roller and tape, my echo works like a dream. Really incredible expertise you all have! Thank you.
Grabbed a Roland RE-201 (early edition killer pre-amp) and Roland DC-50. Absolutely STUNNING. These guys truly live up to the hype. They are meticulous in caring for the gear. Also, I have a few guitar pedal and plug-in emulations of tape-echo sounds and after plugging in the real unit I can't tell you how insane the difference is. It is incredible. Especially that tone from the early pre-amp! I am totally amazed. I am in heaven :) They made it safely to Nashville from the UK and were packed really really well! Thank you so much!! Worth every penny.
“I purchased a completely overhauled vintage valve Binson Echorec 2 T7E modified with varispeed, wet-only output, and a new paint job from Soundgas in early 2018. Tony and his team did an amazing job during every step of the purchase”
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As good as it gets. Tony, Dec and team have been incredible, prompt communication, great advice and outstanding service. It really felt like my Polysix came from a loving home.
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"Still in shock! Can not believe how good the seller is. This product was inspected, and shipped from the UK to the USA quicker than orders from my home state. Highly recommend these guys."
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Purchased a Juno-60 and it works beautifully. Having gotten one teched before, I knew it was worth paying a premium to get it future proofed and Soundgas does just that. Shipped professionally from the UK to USA. Appreciate their expertise and professional demeanor!
I have been buying vintage stuff for a long time from resellers/stores/techs. I've never been so surprised and pleased after opening! Just received a Roland RE-201 and VX55 mixer, they look and sound amazing! Thanks to Tony/Declan for the service and the Soundgas team will be back!
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“The perfect place to hear, learn about and then buy your most wanted piece of vintage music gear! I've not only managed to buy a rare piece of equipment I really wanted, but I have the guarantee it's been serviced, and I got it from people who are clearly passionate and knowledgeable about what they do, as well as super friendly and responsive by email. Thoroughly recommended!”
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